中国:400-666-1553 英国:+44(0)2039496719

当前位置: 英国留学 > 英国硕士申请 > 【考培干货】绝对词类雅思写作题目如何处理?优越老师来教你

【考培干货】绝对词类雅思写作题目如何处理?优越老师来教你

发表时间:2021-09-19 来源:本站原创 作者:tim


题目:

Most of the world’s problems are caused by over-population. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

首先我们一起来看下此题的三种常见的存在逻辑漏洞的写法。

写法一

观点为完全赞同,给出大量人口过多带来的问题,如环境问题等

思考:人口过多带来的问题,仅能证明带来了问题,不能与题目中的most相契合,你如何证明你写出来的问题为世界上的大多数问题,所以从根本上来说,原题其实是个伪命题。

写法二

观点为中立,反驳部分需证明有些问题并不是人口过多导致的。

思考:但是此种写法只能反驳人口过多导致了世界上的所有问题这样的命题,也就是对于绝对词类题目的反驳,而不能反驳人口过多导致了世界上的大多数问题,还是要注意most。

写法三

思考1:致命三连文:如何证明过多人口不是主要原因,又怎么证明铺张浪费是主要原因。同时又怎么证明人口过多和铺张浪费是没有必然联系的,确定完全不存在交集吗?

思考2:同时这题的关键词分别是most of the world’s problems、are caused by和over-population。三者之前通过be caused by构成了因果关系,因是over-population,果是most of the world’s problems。那么如果对这题进行反驳的话,学生的切入点是over-population也就是原因,常识告诉我们一个事情的发生原因有很多个,所以这个切入点的反驳,是不需要的。重点反驳的是人口过多带来的结果,即很多问题。所以即使去反驳也是去反驳并不会带着这样的结果。

思考3:反驳不会带来这样的结果,方法一:回到写法二的问题,很遗憾,无法推翻题目。方法二:从事实出发,证明人口过剩不会带来各种问题,即1. 人口增加,但人类生活质量依旧保持改善的态势2. 出生率下降,且人类已经想办法提高地球的承受能力。


接下来我会剖析绝对词类的题目与此题的关系及差异,欢迎大家一起来讨论。

1. Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

2. Some think that printed books are not necessary in digital era, because all writing can be stored electronically. Others think printed books will play important role. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

3. Government funding should only provide scholarships for best students. All other funding should come from students fees and private organizations.To what extent do you agree or disagree?

4. Government funding should only be provided for the best students as scholarships. Other funding of universities should come from student fees and private organizations. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

5. Some believe that companies must remove old employees and employ new young employees. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

以上5题是特别常规的绝对词类的题目,如:best/all/only/must等的出现,使得此类题处理起来相当容易,基本采用否定绝对化的手法即可。以第一题为例,我们可以首先承认increasing the price of petrol is a way,然后再去反驳其中的best;反驳best的手法也有两种,先点明这种方式的弊端,再给出其他更优的方法来反驳这里的best即可。参考下面范文

There is no doubt that traffic and pollution from vehicles have become huge problems, both in cities and on motorways everywhere. Solving these problems is likely to need more than a simple rise in the price of petrol.

While it is undeniable that private car use is one of the main causes of the increase in traffic and pollution, higher fuel costs are unlikely to limit the number of drivers for long. As this policy would also affect the cost of public transport, it would be very unpopular with everyone who needs to travel on the roads.

But there are various other measures that could be implemented that would have a huge effect on these problems. I think to tackle the problem of pollution, cleaner fuels need to be developed. The technology is already available to produce electric cars that would be both quieter and cleaner to use. Persuading manufacturers and travellers to adopt this new technology would be a more effective strategy for improving air quality, especially in cities. However, traffic congestion will not be solved by changing the type of private vehicle people can use. To do this, we need to improve the choice of public transport services available to travellers. For example, if sufficient sky trains and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities, then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced. Long-distance train and coach services should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving your own car for long journeys.

In conclusion, I think that long-term traffic and pollution reductions would depend on educating the public to use public transport more, and on governments using public money to construct and run efficient systems.


学习完上面的绝对词类的题目,接下来我们来感受下,如果将11日的考题改为绝对词类会有什么不一样的地方。

原题:Most of the world’s problems are caused by over-population. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

改后题:All of the world’s problems are caused by over-population. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

解法:由于题目中出现了all world’s problems过于绝对,固应当对其进行反驳。即文章结构为:

开头段:背景句+话题引入+观点

正文段1:给出一些人口过多带来的世界问题(让步)

正文段2:给出一些不是由人口过剩导致的问题(反驳)

结尾段:观点+总结

写到这里有些同学应该发现了问题了吧,你是不是也把most的题目答成了all的题目。细节决定成败哦!!!

再来一波逻辑杀,下文是近些年考过的引起广泛争议的雅思题目,同学们可以用来练习,有任何疑问请私信Lee老师,与你单独讨论哦!!!

1. Some people think the most important thing about being rich is that give person an opportunity to help other people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(2018年4月7日)

2. It is shown that many criminals have a low level of education. Some people argue that the best way to reduce crime is to educate criminals in prison to help them find jobs when they leave prison. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(2018年11月3日)

3. Some people think that young people should spend more of their free time at home with their families instead of entertaining outside. Others disagree. Discuss both views and give your opinion.(2018年10月27日)

4. Some people think too much money and time have been allocated in scientific research. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?(2018年9月13日)

标签:
作者:tim 发表时间:2021-09-19
服务流程 Service
前期咨询

• 学术背景分析

• 院校与留学规划

• 外籍文书团队免费咨询

• 语言考试培训规划

• 学科背景提升规划

正式申请

• 外籍头脑风暴(部分产品)

• 申请材料准备(翻译及写作)

• 院校申请

• 面试指导(如需)

• 申请学校

• 跟进录取进程

• 标化语言考试培训

后期跟进

• 住宿申请

• 签证办理

• 接机预约

• 后续升学, 转学等服务(可联系伦敦总部)

为什么选择优越留学?
源自英国伦敦

优越留学2009年成立于英国伦敦,是目前国内为数不多的英国本土留学机构

十年名校经验

优越留学十多年来专注高端名校申请,在世界前100大学申请上有丰富的案例经验

外籍文创团队

优越留学配备外籍文书导师团队,名校背景的外籍文书导师加持文书产品质量

24h客服服务

优越留学24小时客服系统在线支持,为全球学生提供实时留学咨询和后续服务支持

全程跟踪服务

优越留学在申请服务各个阶段模块均配备了内部督导,全程持续完善服务体系

在线顾问预约
您如何了解到我们:
提 交
以上带*号的为必填项.